Wilsonville is a city primarily in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. A portion of the northern section of the city is in Washington County. It was founded as Boones Landing because of the Boones Ferry which crossed the Willamette River at the location; the community became Wilsonville in 1880. The city was incorporated in 1969 with a population of approximately 1,000. The population was 13,991 at the 2000 census, and grew to 19,509 as of 2010. Slightly more than 90% of residents at the 2000 census were white, with Hispanics comprising the largest minority group.
Wilsonville is located on the southern edge of the Portland metropolitan area sitting at an elevation of 154 feet (47 m) above sea level. Primarily in the southwestern part of Clackamas County, the northern section is in Washington County. It is located on the north side of the Willamette River around where Alphonse Boone established the Boones Ferry. Neighboring cities are Tualatin on the north, Sherwood to the northwest, and Canby and Aurora to the southeast. Newberg in Yamhill County is approximately 14 miles west along Wilsonville Road. The Willamette separates the majority of the city from Charbonneau, a planned community and neighborhood within the city limits, on the south.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.42 square miles (19.22 km), of which 7.21 square miles (18.67 km) is land and 0.21 square miles (0.54 km) is water. Waterways in addition to the Willamette River include Arrowhead Creek, Meridian Creek, Basalt Creek, Seely Ditch, Boeckman Creek, and Coffee Lake Creek. The Boeckman and Coffee Lake creeks account for 85% of the runoff in Wilsonville. Coffee Lake Creek is on the west side of the city and includes Coffee Lake and the Coffee Lake Wetlands. The foothills of the Chehalem Mountains lie to the west of Wilsonville, with most land within the city on level ground.
Wilsonville divides the city into 16 neighborhood groups, designated A through P. Within each of these planning areas are individual neighborhoods, and occasionally a neighborhood spans several of these groups. For instance the Villebois development covers areas D through G. Individual neighborhoods include Charbonneau, Wilsonville Meadows, Canyon Creek North, Town Center, RiverGreen, Frog Pond, and Old Town to name a few. Wilsonville’s Old Town neighborhood, the oldest of the neighborhoods, is located south of Wilsonville Road along Boones Ferry Road adjacent to the landing of the old Boones Ferry and contains the original portions of the town.
The city has a significant population of families that use Wilsonville as a halfway point between jobs in different cities, mainly Salem and Portland. Wilsonville incorporated with an estimated 1,000 residents in 1969 and grew to 2,920 people at the 1980 Census, and to 7,106 in 1990. In 2000, the census placed the population at 13,991, which rose to 19,509 in 2010. Of those counted, approximately 1,500 are inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility that opened in the city in 2001.
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,509 people, 7,859 households, and 4,658 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,705.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,044.7/km). There were 8,487 housing units at an average density of 1,177.1 per square mile (454.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 85.3% White, 1.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.
There were 7,859 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,991 people, 5,937 households, and 3,775 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,085.3 people per square mile (805.1/km²). There were 6,407 housing units at an average density of 954.9 per square mile (368.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.5% White, 2.2% Asian, 0.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population.
There were 5,937 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89. Median home cost was $200,972 in 2000 and had grown to $316,400 by 2006.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $52,515, and the median income for a family was $65,172. This income level is higher than the county, state, and national median income levels. Males had a median income of $43,480 versus $28,395 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,786. About 3.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.