Merrill is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. The population was 844 at the 2010 census.
Merrill is at an elevation of 4,071 feet (1,241 m) in southern Klamath County near the Oregon–California border. It is along Oregon Route 39 southeast of Klamath Falls and northwest of Tulelake. Lower Klamath Lake and Tule Lake, both in California, are slightly south of Merrill. By highway, the city is 20 miles (32 km) from Klamath Falls and 300 miles (480 km) from Portland.
The Lost River flows by Merrill. Mount Shasta in the Cascade Range southwest of Merrill, although it is across the California state line, is visible from the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.46 square miles (1.19 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 844 people, 308 households, and 221 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,834.8 inhabitants per square mile (708.4/km). There were 347 housing units at an average density of 754.3 per square mile (291.2/km). The racial makeup of the city was 70.9% White, 0.1% African American, 1.5% Native American, 23.8% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.1% of the population.
There were 308 households of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.2% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23.
The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 29% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 897 people, 344 households, and 230 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,045.4 people per square mile (787.1/km). There were 380 housing units at an average density of 866.5 per square mile (333.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 73.13% White, 0.11% African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 19.18% from other races, 6.35% from two or more races; 33.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race
There were 344 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.22. The age distribution was
28.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,304, and the median income for a family was $27,639. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,803. About 19.9% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.