Philomath (/fɪˈloʊməθ/ fi-LOH-məth) is a city in Benton County, Oregon, United States. It was named for Philomath (Greek, “love of learning”) College. The population was 4,584 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Corvallis, Oregon, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Philomath is 5 miles (8 km) west of Corvallis on U.S. Route 20.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.05 square miles (5.31 km), of which 1.86 square miles (4.82 km) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,584 people, 1,733 households, and 1,203 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,464.5 inhabitants per square mile (951.5/km). There were 1,837 housing units at an average density of 987.6 per square mile (381.3/km). The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 0.7% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 2.4% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.7% of the population.
There were 1,733 households of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.6% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11.
The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,838 people, 1,346 households, and 1,017 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,993.0 people per square mile (1,157.7/km²). There were 1,434 housing units at an average density of 1,118.3 per square mile (432.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.25% White, 0.16% African American, 1.64% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.93% of the population.
There were 1,346 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city, the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,461, and the median income for a family was $42,578. Males had a median income of $36,104 versus $25,281 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,620. About 6.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those aged 65 or over.