Oregon (/ˈɒrɪɡən/ (listen) ORR-ih-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon’s northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.
Oregon is 295 miles (475 km) north to south at longest distance, and 395 miles (636 km) east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles (254,810 km), Oregon is slightly larger than the United Kingdom. It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon’s highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet (3,429 m), and its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coast. Oregon’s mean elevation is 3,300 feet (1,006 m). Crater Lake National Park is the state’s only national park and the site of Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States at 1,943 feet (592 m). Oregon claims the D River as the shortest river in the world, though the state of Montana makes the same claim of its Roe River. Oregon is also home to Mill Ends Park (in Portland), the smallest park in the world at 452 square inches (0.29 m).
Oregon is split into eight geographical regions. In Western Oregon: Oregon Coast (west of the Coast Range), the Willamette Valley, Rogue Valley, Cascade Range and Klamath Mountains; and in Central and Eastern Oregon: the Columbia Plateau, the High Desert, and the Blue Mountains.
Oregon lies in two time zones. Most of Malheur County is in the Mountain Time Zone, while the rest of the state lies in the Pacific Time Zone.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Oregon was 4,190,713 on July 1, 2018, a 9.39% increase over the 2010 United States Census.
Oregon was the U.S.’s “Top Moving Destination” in 2014, with two families moving into the state for every one moving out of state (66.4% to 33.6%). Oregon was also the top moving destination in 2013, and second most popular destination in 2010 through 2012.
As of the 2010 Census, the population of Oregon was 3,831,074. The gender makeup of the state was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. 22.6% of the population were under the age of 18; 63.5% were between the ages of 18 and 64; and 12.5% were 65 years of age or older.
The table below shows the racial composition of Oregon’s population as of 2016.
According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 12.4% of Oregon’s population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (10.4%), Puerto Rican (0.3%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.5%). The five largest ancestry groups were: German (19.1%), Irish (11.7%), English (11.3%), American (5.3%), and Norwegian (3.8%).
The state’s most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, has declined from 95.8% in 1970 to 77.8% in 2012.
As of 2011, 38.7% of Oregon’s children under one year of age belonged to minority groups, meaning they had at least one parent who was not a non-Hispanic white. Of the state’s total population, 22.6% was under the age 18, and 77.4% were 18 or older.
The center of population of Oregon is located in Linn County, in the city of Lyons. Around 60% of Oregon’s population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.
As of 2009, Oregon’s population comprised 361,393 foreign-born residents. Of the foreign-born residents, the three largest groups are originally from countries in: Latin America (47.8%), Asia (27.4%), and Europe (16.5%).
Oregon has frequently been cited by statistical agencies for having a smaller percentage of religious communities than other U.S. states. According to a 2009 Gallup poll, Oregon was paired with Vermont as the two “least religious” states in the United States.
In the same 2009 Gallup poll, 69% of Oregonians identified themselves as being Christian. The largest Christian denominations in Oregon by number of adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church with 398,738; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 147,965; and the Assemblies of God with 45,492. Oregon also contains the largest community of Russian Old Believers to be found in the United States. The Northwest Tibetan Cultural Association is headquartered in Portland. There are an estimated 6,000 to 10,000 Muslims in Oregon, most of whom live in and around Portland.
Most of the remainder of the population had no religious affiliation; the 2008 American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS) placed Oregon as tied with Nevada in fifth place of U.S. states having the highest percentage of residents identifying themselves as “non-religious”, at 24 percent. Secular organizations include the Center for Inquiry (CFI), the Humanists of Greater Portland (HGP), and the United States Atheists (USA).
During much of the 1990s, a group of conservative Christians formed the Oregon Citizens Alliance, and unsuccessfully tried to pass legislation to prevent “gay sensitivity training” in public schools and legal benefits for homosexual couples.
Projections from the U.S. Census Bureau show Oregon’s population increasing to 4,833,918 by 2030, an increase of 41.3% compared to the state’s population of 3,421,399 in 2000. The state’s own projections forecast a total population of 5,425,408 in 2040.
Zip Code Map
Oregon neighborhoods include: Adair Village, Adams, Agness, Albany, Alsea, Amity, Antelope, Arlington, Ashland, Ashwood, Astoria, Athena, Aumsville, Aurora, Azalea, Baker City, Bandon, Banks, Bay City, Beatty, Beaver, Beavercreek, Beaverton, Bend, Blachly, Blodgett, Blue River, Bly, Boardman, Bonanza, Boring, Brightwood, Broadbent, Brookings, Brooks, Brothers, Brownsville, Burns, Butte Falls, Buxton, Camas Valley, Camp Sherman, Canby, Cannon Beach, Canyonville, Carlton, Cascade Locks, Cascadia, Cave Junction, Cayuse, Central Point, Chemult, Cheshire, Chiloquin, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Cloverdale, Coburg, Colton, Columbia City, Condon, Coos Bay, Coquille, Corbett, Cornelius, Corvallis, Cottage Grove, Cove, Crane, Crescent, Creswell, Culp Creek, Culver, Dairy, Dallas, Damascus, Days Creek, Dayton, Deadwood, Deer Island, Depoe Bay, Detroit, Dexter, Diamond, Donald, Dorena, Drain, Drewsey, Dufur, Dundee, Eagle Creek, Eagle Point, Echo, Eddyville, Elgin, Elkton, Elmira, Enterprise, Estacada, Eugene, Fairview, Fall Creek, Falls City, Fields, Florence, Forest Grove, Fort Klamath, Fossil, Foster, Frenchglen, Gales Creek, Gardiner, Gaston, Gates, Gervais, Gilchrist, Gladstone, Glendale, Glide, Gold Beach, Gold Hill, Government Camp, Grand Ronde, Grants Pass, Grass Valley, Gresham, Haines, Halfway, Halsey, Hammond, Happy Valley, Harrisburg, Hebo, Helix, Heppner, Hereford, Hermiston, Hillsboro, Hines, Hood River, Hubbard, Huntington, Idanha, Idleyld Park, Imbler, Imnaha, Independence, Ione, Irrigon, Jacksonville, Jasper, Jefferson, Joseph, Junction City, Keizer, Keno, Kent, Kerby, Kimberly, Klamath Falls, Lafayette, La Grande, Lake Oswego, Lakeside, Langlois, La Pine, Lebanon, Lexington, Lincoln City, Logsden, Lorane, Lostine, Lowell, Lyons, Madras, Malin, Manning, Mapleton, Marcola, Marion, Maupin, McKenzie Bridge, McMinnville, Medford, Mehama, Merlin, Merrill, Metolius, Mill City, Milton Freewater, Milwaukie, Mitchell, Molalla, Monmouth, Monroe, Moro, Mosier, Mount Angel, Mount Hood Parkdale, Mulino, Myrtle Creek, Myrtle Point, Nehalem, Neotsu, Neskowin, Newberg, Newport, North Bend, North Plains, North Powder, Noti, Oak Grove, Oakland, Oakridge, O Brien, Oregon City, Otis, Otter Rock, Oxbow, Paulina, Pendleton, Philomath, Phoenix, Pilot Rock, Pleasant Hill, Portland, Port Orford, Post, Powell Butte, Powers, Prairie City, Princeton, Prineville, Prospect, Rainier, Redmond, Reedsport, Rhododendron, Richland, Rickreall, Riddle, Riley, Rockaway Beach, Rogue River, Roseburg, Rufus, Saint Benedict, Saint Helens, Saint Paul, Salem, Sandy, Scappoose, Scio, Scottsburg, Scotts Mills, Seal Rock, Seaside, Selma, Shady Cove, Shaniko, Shedd, Sheridan, Sherwood, Siletz, Silverton, Sisters, Sixes, South Beach, Sprague River, Spray, Springfield, Stanfield, Stayton, Sublimity, Summerville, Sumpter, Sutherlin, Sweet Home, Swisshome, Talent, Tangent, Tenmile, Terrebonne, The Dalles, Tidewater, Tillamook, Tiller, Timber, Toledo, Tolovana Park, Trail, Troutdale, Tualatin, Turner, Tygh Valley, Umatilla, Umpqua, Union, Unity, Veneta, Vernonia, Vida, Waldport, Wallowa, Walterville, Walton, Warm Springs, Warren, Warrenton, Wasco, Welches, Westfir, Westlake, West Linn, Weston, White City, Wilderville, Willamina, Williams, Wilsonville, Winston, Wolf Creek, Woodburn, Wood Village, Yachats, Yamhill, Yoncalla
For more information, see Oregon wiki